EcoHealth Alliance's Map of Global Pandemic Risk

Complex factors contribute to the arrival and spread of Emerging Infectious Diseases (EIDs), most of which (and "almost all the recent pandemics") have occurred from the interaction of humans and wildlife, livestock, and rapidly changing environments.

Recently published in Nature CommunicationsEcoHealth Alliance (Allen, Murray, et al) has created a new and improved hotspots map and ranking of influence of EID predictors: evergreen broadleaf trees, population, mammal biodiversity, poultry, among many others. Then, those factors were considered and plotted globally in an attempt to predict patterns for zoonotic EIDs.

Our results suggest that the risk of disease emergence is elevated in tropical forest regions, high in mammal biodiversity, and experiencing anthropogenic land use changes related to agricultural practices.